Physical therapy or physiotherapy is not solely about relieving pain through massages or exercises. The kind of treatment suggested by your physical therapist depends on your medical condition and the severity of the problem. Unlike general medical treatments, physical therapies can be tailor-made exclusively for your specific problem, which gives them an edge. So what are the different types of physiotherapy treatments and which one would suit you? Here is a look:
Physical therapist from Don Kelly Pain Relief in Limerick, Ireland, mentions that application of heat on body parts that have been injured help in boosting the flow of blood in the area. It aids in healing the injury quickly. Apart from that, it also helps in loosening tight tissues. Among the most popularly used heat therapy methods are ultrasound, hot packs, infrared heat, diathermy and paraffin wax bath.
It is most effective when used immediately after experiencing an injury. Applying a cold compress over an acute injury helps in reducing swelling and pain. It is also used after deep kneading massage. Ice massage and application of an ice pack on affected areas are common types of cold therapy treatments.
In this therapy, electrodes are used to reduce the size of muscles. It is widely recommended for people suffering from paralysis to prevent muscle atrophy and help them in getting some muscle strength.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
It is also a type of electrical stimulation therapy. Though it does not contract muscles, unlike electrical stimulation, it does help in relieving pain temporarily. A small device, powered by a battery, is used to send low current on the surface of the skin.
Strengthening exercises are recommended by physical therapists mostly after surgeries like hip or knee replacements. These exercises help in improving the function of the body post the surgery. The exercises may be divided into two parts – some are to be performed before the surgery and some after.
Range of Motion exercises
These exercises are advised to be performed to either maintain or increase joint flexibility. Active Assistive Range of Motion(AAROM) Exercises, Passive Range of Motion (PROM) Exercises, and Active Range of Motion (AROM) Exercises are among the most popular ones.
Soft tissue mobilization
Apart from these, therapies like traction, bandaging, postural training, joint mobilization, balancing exercises and assistive device training may also be recommended by physical therapists.